## Theory of Machine The velocity of piston in a reciprocating steam engine is given by (where ω = Angular velocity of crank, r = Radius of crank pin circle, θ = Angle turned by crank from inner dead center, and n = Ratio of length of connecting rod to the radius of crank)

ω²r [cos θ + (cos 2θ/n)]
ωr [cos θ + (cos 2θ/n)]
ω²r [sin θ + (sin 2θ/n)]
ωr [sin θ + (sin 2θ/n)]

Pitch circle
Prime circle
Root circle
Base circle

600°K
625°K
700°K
650°K

## Theory of Machine A spring controlled governor is said to be unstable when the controlling force

Increases as the radius of rotation decreases
Decreases as the radius of rotation increases
Remains constant for all radii of rotation
Increases as the radius of rotation increases

Four planes
A single plane
Three planes
Two planes

## Theory of Machine Two pulleys of radii r₁ and r₂ and at distance x apart are connected by means of a cross belt drive. The length of the belt is

π (r₁ - r₂) + [(r₁ - r₂)²/x] + 2x
π (r₁ + r₂) + [(r₁ - r₂)²/x] + 2x
π (r₁ + r₂) + [(r₁ + r₂)²/x] + 2x
π (r₁ - r₂) + [(r₁ + r₂)²/x] + 2x