Electrical Machines
A DC shunt machine generates 250 V on open circuit at 1000 RPM. Armature resistance is 0.5 Ω, field resistance 250 Ω. When running as a motor takes 4 A at 250 V. Calculate the efficiency when running as a motor taking 40 A at 250 V. Armature reaction weakens the field by 4%.

 78.5%
 72.5%
 67.5%
 82.5%

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Electrical Machines
The introduction of interpoles in between the main poles improves the performance of a dc machine, because

 the interpoles produce additional flux to augment the developed torque
 the flux waveform is improved with reduction in harmonics
 a counter-emf is induced in the coil undergoing commutation
 the inequality of air-gap flux on the top and bottom halves of the armature is removed

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