Electrical Machines
The counter (or back) emf in a dc machine is 1. the same as generated emf in a dc motor 2. proportional to field flux and armature speed 3. not the same as generated emf in a dc motor 4.inversely proportional to field flux 5. proportional to number of armature conductors 6. constant from no load to full load From these, the correct answer is

 2, 3, 6
 3, 4, 5
 1, 2, 5
 2, 4, 5, 6

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Electrical Machines
A 3-φ alternator has negligible stator resistance. A short circuit test is conducted on this alternator. At a particular speed, a field current of If1 is required to drive the rated armature current. If the speed of the alternator is reduced to half, the field current required to maintain rated armature current

 Woud be equal to 2If1.
  Cannot be predicted due to insufficient data.
 Would be equal to If1.
 Would be equal to If1/2.

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