Electrical Machines
In a DC machine

 emf in armature conductors and at the terminals is alternating.
 current and emf in armature are unidirectional
 current and emf in armature are alternating.
 current and emf at the terminals are alternating.

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Electrical Machines
The results of a slip test for determining direct axis (Xd) and quadrature axis (Xq) reactances of a star connected salient pole alternator are given below Phase values: Vmax = 108 V ; Vmin = 96 V Imax = 12 A ; Imin = 10 A Hence the two reactances will be

 Xd = 9Ω and Xq = 9.6Ω
 Xd = 9.6Ω and Xq = 9Ω
 Xd = 8Ω and Xq = 10.8Ω
 Xd = 10.8Ω and Xq = 8Ω

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