Design of Steel Structure
Load factor is

always less than factor of safety
always greater than factor of safety
sometimes greater than factor of safety
always equal to factor of safety

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Design of Steel Structure
The elastic strain for steel is about

1/12 of strain at the initiation of strain hardening and 1/200 of maximum strain
1/24 of strain at the initiation of strain hardening and about 1/200 of maximum strain
1/12 of strain at the initiation of strain hardening and about 1/120 of maximum strain
1/2 of strain at the initiation of strain hardening and about 1/12 of maximum strain

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