In what proportion water must be added to spirit to gain 20% by selling it at the cost price?

A vessel contains mixture of liquids A and B in the ratio 3: 2. When 20 litres of the mixture is taken out and replaced by 20 litres of liquid B, the ratio changes to 1: 4. How many litres of liquid A was there initially present in the vessel?

Manideep purchases 30kg of barley at the rate of 11.50/kg and 20kg at the rate of 14.25/kg. He mixed the two and sold the mixture in the shop. At what price per kg should he sell the mixture to make 30% profit to him?

15 liters of a mixture contains 20 % alcohol and the rest water. If 3 liters of water be mixed in it, the % of alcohol in the new mixture will be ?

How many liters of oil at Rs.40 per liter should be mixed with 240 liters of a second variety of oil at Rs.60 per liter so as to get a maximum whose cost is Rs.52 per liter?

The average monthly salary of employees, consisting of officers and workers, of an organisation is Rs. 3000. The average salary of an officer is Rs. 10,000 while that of a worker is Rs. 2000 per month. If there are total 400 employees in the organisation, find the number of officers and workers separately.

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